Type scales

Scales for typography are used in order to ensure consistency and harmony. They are typically based on a ratio and number of steps that are used to compute the font sizes.

How exactly you come up with a scale doesn't really matter. What's important is that you use one.

Below is a curated list of some of the most popular type scales.


golden ratio1.618

power of two2

minor second1.067

major second1.125

minor third1.2

major third1.25

perfect fourth1.33

perfect fifth1.5

minor sixth1.6

major sixth1.67

minor seventh1.778

major seventh1.875

major tenth2.5

major eleventh2.67

major twelfth3